Dantès told them of the 3,000 francs he had buried there, to start life once he married, before all his misfortunes. All rights reserved. On learning that Morrel's son Maximilien is in love with Valentine, the Count saves her by making it appear as though Héloïse's plan to poison Valentine has succeeded and that Valentine is dead. -Annette Gordon Reed, author of Andrew Johnson and winner of the Pulitzer Prize and National Book Award for The Hemingses of Monticello, “A masterful biography; richly detailed, highly researched and completely absorbing. Fearing the members of the ship will find him and his treasure, he uses the excuse of hunting goats while he goes to hunt the treasure. Danglers flees to Italy with the Count's receipt for the cash he requested from the banker Danglars, and 50,000 francs. Wanting information on how Albert’s father made his fortune in Greece years earlier, Danglars researches the events, and the information is published in a French newspaper while Albert and the Count are in Normandy. (Notably absent from it: the fact that Alex Dumas’s disreputable uncle Charles, on his father’s side, once used a Caribbean island called “Monte Cristo” to smuggle sugar and slaves). When Jacopo proves his selfless loyalty, Dantès rewards him with his own ship and crew. The three men responsible for his unjust imprisonment were Fernand, now Count de Morcerf and husband of Mercédès; Danglars, now a baron and a wealthy banker; and Villefort, now procureur du roi (prosecutor for the king). When he arrives in Paris, the Count brandishes an emerald box in which he carries small green pills compounded of hashish and opium which he uses for sleeplessness. ", an iconic line that would be used in many future adaptations. But the boy would reject his father’s name, along with his noble title. It was no accident that his fate sounds like that of a young sailor named Edmond Dantès, about to embark on a promising career and marry the woman he loves, who finds himself a pawn in a plot he never imagined, locked away without witnesses or trial in the dungeon of an island fortress called the Château d’If. In fiction, his father most directly inspired Dumas’s novel Georges, where a young man of mixed race from a French sugar colony makes his way to Paris, becomes a great swordsman, and returns to the island to avenge a long-ago racial insult (itself an almost exact retelling of a searing incident from his father’s youth). The Count manipulates the bond market and quickly destroys a large portion of Danglars' fortune. , George Saintsbury stated that "Monte Cristo is said to have been at its first appearance, and for some time subsequently, the most popular book in Europe. He is described as a very kind-hearted, joyful and carefree young man, and fond of Monte Cristo, whom he sees as a friend. To stay on the island (to find his treasure, not yet found), Dantès pretends he has a broken back. When Napoleon launched the French invasion of Egypt, Dumas went as his cavalry commander, but it was there that the two very different soldiers came to loathe each other. She is free-spirited and aspires to become an independent artist. Peuchet told of a shoemaker, Pierre Picaud, living in Nîmes in 1807, who was engaged to marry a rich woman when three jealous friends falsely accused him of being a spy for England. Like many of his novels, it was expanded from plot outlines suggested by his collaborating ghostwriter Auguste Maquet.. During the days of the Terror, Dumas showed a restraint and humanity that could have cost him his command, or even his life. Fernand Mondego: Count de Morcerf (former Catalan fisherman in the Spanish village near Marseilles), Dantès' rival and cousin of Mercédès, for whom he swore undying love and the person he eventually marries. The Maltese Sailor: The name he was known by after his rescue by smugglers from the island of Tiboulen. A Prussian-raised French officer who openly proclaimed a “horror of negroes” (not to mention an “invincible antipathy for Jews”) nevertheless wrote that General Dumas “might be called the best soldier in the world.”, The story of General Dumas brilliantly illuminates the first true age of emancipation: a single decade during which the French Revolution not only sought to end slavery and discrimination based on skin color but also broke down the ghetto walls and offered Jews full civil and political rights, ending a near-universal discrimination that had persisted since ancient times. The first translation into Chinese was published in 1907. Once he’d risen by his merits to higher rank he would not even sign his name “Alexandre,” preferring the blunt and simple form “Alex Dumas.”. In the 1750s, during the reign of Louis XV, a generation of crusading lawyers went up against one of the most powerful interests in France—the colonial sugar lobby—and won shockingly broad rights for people of color. Learning that his old employer Morrel is on the verge of bankruptcy, Dantès, as clerk of Thompson and French, buys Morrel's debts and gives Morrel three months to fulfill his obligations. Join the conversation in the Read It Forward Goodreads group. O'Neill died in 1920, two years before a more successful motion picture, produced by Fox and partially based on Fechter's version, was released. David Coward (ed), Oxford's World Classics, Dumas, Alexandre, The Count of Monte Cristo, p. xvii. The Count of Monte Cristo was originally published in the Journal des Débats in eighteen parts. Antoine was a nobleman in hiding from his family and from the law, and he fathered the boy with a black slave. She also dies in the incident. Bertuccio's sister-in-law Assunta was the adoptive mother of Benedetto. In a small boat, he sailed around the island of Monte Cristo, accompanied by a young prince, a cousin to Louis Bonaparte, who was to become Emperor Napoleon III of the French ten years later, in 1851. It is one of the author's more popular works, along with The Three Musketeers. When Faria dies, Dantès takes his place in the burial sack, holding the knife that Faria had made. Héloïse de Villefort: The murderous second wife of Gérard de Villefort, mother of Édouard. The novel’s main plotline, Dumas once wrote in an essay, was based on a gruesome true-crime story taken from the police archives of Paris, about a man who suffered false political imprisonment after being betrayed by a group of jealous friends. And Dumas’s birthplace, Saint-Domingue, would have a violent revolution and reemerge as Haiti, to be ostracized by the white nations and moved from the center of the world economy to its desperate margins. 1848: French Second Republic. The first, by Hailes Lacy, differs only slightly from Dumas' version with the main change being that Fernand Mondego is killed in a duel with the Count rather than committing suicide. . This is a terrific book.” The Count confronts Villefort, revealing his true identity as Dantès, which drives Villefort insane. The original duration was five hours, resulting in Fechter abridging the play, which, despite negative reviews, had a respectable sixteen-week run. . In 1815, Edmond Dantès, a young merchant sailor returns to Marseille to marry his Catalan fiancée Mercédès. After recovering the treasure, Dantès returns to Marseille.  His 2020 novel The Baron of Magister Valley follows suit, using The Count of Monte Cristo as a starting point. Not long afterward, he led four horsemen in an attack on an enemy post manned by over fifty men—Dumas alone killed six and took sixteen prisoner. 1802: Black officers are dismissed from the army. The adaptation differs from the novel in many respects: several characters, such as Luigi Vampa, are excluded; whereas the novel includes many different plot threads that are brought together at the conclusion, the third and fourth plays deal only with the fate of Mondego and Villefort respectively (Danglars' fate is not featured at all); the play is the first to feature Dantès shouting "the world is mine! * (*The Italian Marxist Antonio Gramsci, writing at the height of the Nietzschean vogue in the early twentieth century, went so far as to declare that “many self-proclaimed Nietzscheans are nothing other than . In the novel, Dumas tells of the 1815 return of Napoleon I, and alludes to contemporary events when the governor at the Château d'If is promoted to a position at the castle of Ham. A fellow prisoner, Abbé Faria, correctly deduces that his jealous rival Fernand Mondego, envious crewmate Danglars, and double-dealing magistrate De Villefort turned him in. Dantès forces him to write a letter to Danglars exposing Cavalcanti as an impostor and allows Caderousse to leave the house. In 1841 when Dumas made his promise, Louis Bonaparte himself was imprisoned at the citadel of Ham – the place mentioned in the novel. The Count demands this sum to fulfil their credit agreement, and Danglars embezzles the hospital fund. Peppino: Formerly a shepherd, becomes a member of Vampa's gang. He rides away from the court in his disgrace. The book presents the life and career of Dumas as a soldier and officer during the French Revolution , as well as his military service in Italy during the French Revolutionary Wars and later in Egypt under Napoleon .
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